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TIDEN ER TIL AGRO-ØKOLOGI

March 19, 2017

For nylig forlød det fra FN, at det er en farlig myte, at det kræver pesticider at brødføde verden.
De nye toner er de glade for i Foreningen for Biodynamisk Jordbrug, og med afsæt i FN-dokumentet er det oplagt for journalister at tage fat i biodynamikerne for at lade dem fortælle, hvordan deres dyrkningsmetode er et reelt alternativ til sundheds-skadelige sprøjtegifte?

FN-rapportens anbefalinger tilskynder bl.a. staterne til at opmuntre landmænd til at tilegne sig agro-økologiske metoder for at fremme biodiversiteten og for på en naturlig måde at holdte trit med ukrudt.

Rapporten nævner også skridt som skiftende afgrøder, styring af jordens frugtbarhed og udvælgelse af afgrøder, der passer til lokale forhold.
Herunder gengives FN-rapportens mange og opsigtsvækkende anbefalinger:

RECOMMENDATIONS

106. The international community must work on a comprehensive, binding treaty to regulate hazardous pesticides throughout their life cycle, taking into account human rights principles. Such an instrument should:
(a) Aim to remove existing double standards among countries that are particularly detrimental to countries with weaker regulatory systems;
(b) Generate policies to reduce pesticide use worldwide and develop a framework for the banning and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides;
(c) Promote agroecology; (d) Place strict liability on pesticide producers.

107. States should:

(a) Develop comprehensive national action plans that include incentives to support alternatives to hazardous pesticides, as well as initiate binding and measurable reduction targets with time limits;
84 International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems, From Uniformity to Diversity, p. 6

(b) Establish systems to enable various national agencies responsible for agriculture, public health and the environment to cooperate efficiently to address the adverse impact of pesticides and to mitigate risks related to their misuse and overuse;

(c) Establish impartial and independent risk-assessment and registration processes for pesticides, with full disclosure requirements from the producer. Such processes must be based on the precautionary principle, taking into account the hazardous effects of pesticide products on human health and the environment;

(d) Consider non-chemical alternatives first, and only allow chemicals to be registered where need can be demonstrated;

(e) Enact safety measures to ensure adequate protections for pregnant women, children and other groups who are particularly susceptible to pesticide exposure;

(f) Fund comprehensive scientific studies on the potential health effects of pesticides, including exposure to a mixture of chemicals as well as multiple exposures over time;

(g) Guarantee rigorous and regular analysis of food and beverages to determine levels of hazardous residues, including in infant formula and follow-on foods, and make such information accessible to the public;

(h) Closely monitor agricultural pesticide use and storage to minimize risks and ensure that only those with the requisite training are permitted to apply such products, and that they do so according to instructions and using appropriate protective equipment;

(i) Create buffer zones around plantations and farms until pesticides are phased out, to reduce pesticide exposure risk;

(j) Organize training programmes for farmers to raise awareness of the harmful effects of hazardous pesticides and of alternative methods;

(k) Take necessary measures to safeguard the public’s right to information, including enforcing requirements to indicate the type of pesticides used and level of residues on the labels of food and drink products;

(l) Regulate corporations to respect human rights and avoid environmental damage during the entire life cycle of pesticides;

(m) Impose penalties on companies that fabricate evidence and disseminate misinformation on the health and environmental risks of their products;

(n) Monitor corporations to ensure that labelling, safety precautions and training standards are respected;

(o) Encourage farmers to adopt agroecological practices to enhance biodiversity and naturally suppress pests, and to adopt measures such as crop rotation, soil fertility management and crop selection appropriate for local conditions;

(p) Provide incentives for organically produced food through subsidies and financial and technical assistance, as well as by using public procurement;

(q) Encourage the pesticide industry to develop alternative pest management approaches;

(r) Eliminate pesticide subsidies and instead initiate pesticide taxes, import tariffs and pesticide-use fees.

108. Civil society should inform the general public about adverse impact of pesticides on human health and environmental damage, as well as organizing training programmes on agroecology.

SOURCES:

1 UN
http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?Open&DS=A/HRC/34/48&Lang=E

2 The Guardian:
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/mar/07/un-experts-denounce-myth-pesticides-are-necessary-to-feed-the-world

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